Program of Citrus Certification for Exportation to the European Union and other countries
Objective: The control done by the producers allowed the increase of exportations. The main destination of these exportations is the European market. However, since 1998 only citrus from lots free of canker can be introduced into this market. This measure, interpreted in general as a nontariff measure, enforced the guideline 98/2 of the EU.
Scope: All the lots of fruit for export have been classified according to the level of disease incidence; and only the lots of level 0 (absence of symptoms) were authorized to be exported. The SENASA registered 6111 lots recorded in the Program of Citrus Health, from which 5567 of these lots were monitored and 2275 of them (37.2%) were authorized for exportation (the information of the lot figures in an orange label, which identifies the bins that are ready to be exported). At the same time, only packaging lines that are exclusive for exportation to the EU must be used.
Quality and Security: The phitosanitarian control of the citrus production is done to give major phitosanitarian protection and to do statistic analysis. This control was introduced in 1997 for the citrus producers to the National Sanitarian Register (the inscription to the SENASA is annual and mandatory).
The citrus canker is a problem that has been in the region for more than 20 years. In the 70s the INTA carried out a campaign to eradicate canker, by then its apparition was recent in the Litoral region. The lack of guarantees in terms of recovery of the investment lead the producers to stop the campaign. As a Result, the fight against this disease is done by different measures of control, and eradication has not been applied. (This system, applied in the United States, does not guarantee a new apparition of the disease).