Citrus from Misiones

  The province of Misiones has the 5.8% of the total area of citrus of the country, with the following distribution:

Species

Most used varieties

Area (has)

Production (tons)

Orange

Valencia and Ombligo  (Buckeye, Bonanza)

3,500

24,000

Mandarin

Okitsu, Murcott, Clemenules, Ellendale and Montenegrina

2,000

17,000

Grapefruit

Dalan Dalan

1,150

10,000

Lemon

Eureka

1,800

17,000

  Until now the main citrus activity has been the production of orange for industry. In the mid-80s, because of economical reasons and the decline of the fruit, several plantations were abandoned. The problem was overcome by choosing rootstocks tolerant to declination and diversification of the top of the tree’s material.

The most important novelty in this province has been the inauguration of the biggest citrus packaging-house of South America, with a capacity of processing 100,000 tons per year. For this, the Tobacco Cooperative obtained 5.5 millions of pesos from the Tobacco’s Special Fund to favour the introduction of the Tobacco sector into other kinds of activities. The Cooperative has the biggest greenhouse of the country within its category (1.2 millions of nursery trees per year) and about 800 producers have planted 1,000 has of mandarins, 500 has of lemons and 500 has of oranges.