Citrus from Entre Ríos and Corrientes

 The 82% of the citrus crops from NEA are cultivated in Entre Ríos and Corrientes. The major problem that this region has to face is the citrus cancrosis. The are mixed reactions about the crisis that the citrus sector of the Litoral region is going through. In general, there are pessimistic forecasts, but at the same time, new investments are being made.

 Entre Rios concentrates, in three districts, the biggest area planted with mandarin and orange of the country. The province has been traditionally the greatest producer of mandarin and in the last years it has surpassed the orange production of Corrientes. In both provinces the areas planted with lemon have been reduced and the grapefruit has suffered a sharp decrease.

The next chart summarizes the main characteristics of the citrus production in these two provinces; the numbers correspond to the year 1997.

CHARACTERISTICS

Entre Ríos

Corrientes

Crop zones

Concordia,  Federación y N. de Colón

Litoral Paraná, Monte Caseros

1997 area  (has.)

 

 

                Total

48.800

28.535

                Orange

22.000

17.500

              Mandarin

23.500

 7.300

                Grapefruit

 1.584

 1.035

                Lemon

 1.716

 2.700

Number of planted ( Ha) per year

 675 has.

 1.580 has.

Plantation density (increasing)

280/ha

Grapefruit  &, Lemon: 250/ha Oranje:400, Mandarin: 500/ha

Most used rootstocks

Trifolio

Rangpur, Citrange Troyer, Carrizo and Trifolio

Mayor problems during the last year

Frost, low quality because of bad climate conditions, low industry price.

Management organization, commerce, prices, technology, varieties, quality, sanity, ’96 dryness, tornado.

Main  Varieties

 Lemon:

 Orange::

 Mandarin:

Limoneira, Génova, Frost Eureka

Salustiana, Navelina, Newhall, Delta Seedles, Midknight.

Okitsu, Clemenules, M. Nova, Ellendale, Murcott.

Eureka

 

Murcott, Ellendale, Clemenules

 1997 Production

 

 

                 Orange

310.000 tn

210.600 tn

                 Mandarin

241.000 tn

  82.600 tn

                 Grapefriut

  43.000 tn

  20.500 tn

                 Lemon

  35.000 tn

  43.960 tn

 

 

 

Destination of production

 

 

                   Industry

18.98%

 

                  Domestic market

66.57%

 

                  Exportation

14.45%

 

 Source: Regional report presented in the XX National Conference on Citrus, 12/05/97.  Federcitrus report, 1998.