traceability systems aim at a) Food Security (approach of the European Union) b)
Certification of Production Processes (approach of the United States).
traceability norms are a result of the demands of the consumers, that in the
last 20 years gave greater importance to food security. The EU has the objective
of offering Food Security, mainly because of the problems caused by the mad cow
disease. The United States on the other hand, has implemented new norms due to
the need to certify the production process to improve the consumption of beef
that has lost importance because of the high demand for alternative meats,
especially for chicken. However, consumers are the ones that demand more
information about the products purchased. The consumers of greater purchasing
power give priority to non economical facts as: a) the identification of the
origin of the product, b) the superiority of the product among alternative and
c) the safety of the product in terms of health (to avoid diseases, poisoning,
etc.), d) the adequacy of the products for a balanced diet (levels of fat,
proteins, vitamins, etc.) and e) the convenience of the product in terms of
easiness and simplicity for the cooking of it.
be reliable a product must be certified and that guarantee has to appear in the
label of the product. The mark represents to the consumer, in terms of quality,
that the product is traced, since: a) it is explicitly descriptive, b) it is
reliably controlled, c) it is systematically verified, and d) it can be
penalized if it does not fulfill the specifications (consumer protection). In
other words, the origin, the process and the destination are known.
the demands of the exportation markets, the producers and the health authorities
from Argentina decided to implement a traceability system within the framework
of the Program of Certification of Citrus for Exportation to the European Union
and other markets.
many years of working on the planning, the work of exploitation and in the
packaging houses, the system has been set. Every bin from the plantations has
information about the treatment that the crop has received, every pallet that
exits the packaging house has information about the content of the boxes or
the packaging houses the information is directly transmitted to the Information System
on Citrus Traceability from the NEA (SICT-NEA).
The health authority (SENASA) can make controls in port because SICT-NEA is in
the world-wide web.
the importers from Europe and other countries can know, without cost, who
transported, exported, dispatched, produced; and from what farm and lot comes
the citrus fruit.
is the first system of information of Argentina, and may be of many other
countries, that allows us to know the process of a product from the farm to the